Collection and storage of small consignments from several consignors for subsequent transportation under one transport document
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Groupage cargo transportation
If you have come across international cargo transportation to solve business problems, you have probably come across such concepts as LCL and FCL. In general, these concepts imply two ways of transporting consignments / units in containers using a different type of transport. In both cases, the same universal packaging is used, but the organization of transportation is significantly different. So, let’s take a closer look at what are the features and what is the difference between each model of cargo transportation.
LCL is international groupage cargo . In the original, this logistic abbreviation sounds like Less Container Load, i.e. incomplete container loading. In turn, the use of one large-sized container (20 tons, 40 tons and more) for the transportation of a batch belonging to one owner is FCL – Full Container Load. The latter model is relevant for the delivery of large consignments of goods, bulky large-sized units of special equipment, cars, bulk cargo. Of course, filling a container with a homogeneous product from one sender allows the owner to control the process in terms of loading, compliance with storage conditions during transportation and unloading at the warehouse. In this case, the goods will definitely not be mixed with someone else’s, and the entire transportation process will be adjusted solely taking into account the requirements of one cargo owner. But consignments do not always occupy the entire volume of a container, and then a groupage delivery of goods becomes expedient.
When is groupage cargo required?
- ordering a small trial batch of goods from abroad
- small regular deliveries
- large batch of small items
It is obvious that it is economically unprofitable to order container transportation with incomplete container loading. Fortunately, a specialized transport company will always find a solution to such logistic problems. Groupage cargo is transported in container containers in the same way as in sea, road, rail or multimodal transportation. Only a carrier or broker with experience in this area can provide guarantees of high-quality transportation of the customer’s property as part of dissimilar goods belonging to other consignees. Also in the aspect of ensuring guarantees, consolidation in logistics is extremely important – a customs agent or forwarder cannot guarantee the preservation of the integrity and quality of the transported goods at the final point, if the norms of sorting, packaging, fixing and storage, incl. prohibitions on joint storage and the presence of prohibited substances.
Consolidation: logistics and LCL formation
So, we have decided that it makes no sense to pay for air at partial load, and to receive a small commodity order from Turkey or China, it is better to consider groupage container transportation. But in pursuit of minimizing costs, it is important to remember that the packaging and registration of the LCL is a rather laborious task that requires the special skills of a group of specialists.
Organization of groupage cargo includes several stages:
- Receiving goods at a consolidated warehouse
- Proper packaging
- Taring (determination of exact weight, dimensions)
- Sort by product group
- Registration of accompanying documents
- Bulk loading and routing
If you order groupage shipments, the delivery of goods begins with the procedure for consolidating orders by commodity groups and directions. From the mass of scattered objects in the warehouse, similar ones are selected, which, in turn, are sorted taking into account the point of delivery. At the same time, the reliability of the packaging is checked and, if necessary, it is additionally packed and marked. Goods with similar characteristics and transportation parameters are assembled in a common large-sized container, after which the container is sealed.
Groupage cargo transportation is indispensable for many areas of business and private clients due to the economy and efficiency of delivery. But in this matter, we recommend that you entrust your property to a trusted transport contractor. The carrier must comply with a number of mandatory requirements, ranging from the qualifications of personnel and the state of equipment (transport, forklifts) and ending with reputation and compliance with the terms of the contract. Special attention should be paid to the procedure for issuing accompanying documentation. As far as the quality and legally correct package of documents is drawn up, the import / export goods will be delivered quickly. Operative customs control at the border is provided by the brokers of the carrier company.
If you need to deliver small-sized goods from China or Europe as part of a modular container, GALS MARKET is always ready to provide a full range of freight forwarding services.