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Incoterms Rules


Incoterms 2010 (Incoterms 2010)
The rules came into effect on January 01, 2011

Are international rules recognized by government bodies, legal companies and merchants around the world as the interpretation of the most commonly used terms in international trade.

The scope of Incoterms 2010 (Incoterms 2010) extends to the rights and obligations of the parties under the contract of sale in terms of the supply of goods (terms of delivery of goods).

Each term Incoterms 2010 is a three-letter abbreviation.

Category E
  • EXW any means of transport EX Works (... named place)
  • Ex Works (... named place)
  • The main carriage is not paid by the seller
Category F
  • The main carriage is not paid by the seller
  • FCA sea and inland waterway transport Free Carrier (... named place)
  • Free carrier (... named place)
  • FAS sea and inland waterway transportation Free Alongside Ship (... named port of shipment)
  • Free Alongside Ship (... named port of shipment)
  • FOB Free On Board (... named port of shipment)
  • Free On Board (... named port of shipment)
Category C
  • Main carriage paid by the seller
  • CFR any types of transport Cost and Freight (... named port of destination)
  • Cost and Freight (... named port of destination)
  • CIF any means of transport Cost, Insurance and Freight (... named port of destination)
  • Cost, Insurance and Freight (... named port of destination)
  • CIP any types of transport Carriage and Insurance Paid To (... named place of destination)
  • Freight / Carriage & Insurance Paid To (... named place of destination)
  • CPT any means of transport Carriage Paid To (... named place of destination)
  • Freight / Carriage Paid To (... named place of destination)
Category D
  • Delivery
  • DAT delivery any types of transport new !!!
  • Delivered At Terminal (... named terminal of destination)
  • Delivery at terminal (... terminal name)
  • DAP any means of transport new !!!
  • Delivered At Piont (... named point of destination)
  • Delivery at point (... name of point)
  • DDP any types of transport Delivered Duty Paid (... named place of destination)
  • Delivered Duty Paid (... named place of destination)
  • DDU any means of transport Excluded from Incoterms 2010
  • Delivered Duty Unpaid (... named place of destination)
  • Delivered Duty Unpaid (... named place of destination)
  • DAF all modes of transport Excluded from Incoterms 2010
  • Delivered At Frontier (... named place)
  • Delivery to border (... named place of delivery)
  • DEQ any means of transport Excluded from Incoterms 2010
  • Delivered Ex Quay (... named port of destination)
  • Delivered Ex Quay (... named port of destination)
  • DES any means of transport Excluded from Incoterms 2010
  • Delivered Ex Ship (... named port of destination)
  • Delivered Ex Ship (... named port of destination)

Dimensions of containers

20 'standard

Max. Gross 52910 lbs = 24000 kg
Container 4916 lbs = 2230 kg
Max Loading 47994 lbs = 21770 kg
Cargo capacity (volume):
1172,44 cu. ft. = 33.2 cub. m
External dimensions (l/w/h):
20' = 6096 mm / 7' 9.25" = 2370 mm / 8'6" = 2591 mm
Internal dimensions: (l/w/h):
19' 4.48" = 5905 mm / 7' 8.51" = 2350 mm / 7' 9.74" = 2381 mm
Doors (w/h):
7' 8" = 2336 mm / 7' 6.25" = 2291 mm

40'standard

Max. Gross 67197 lbs = 30480 kg
Container 8334 lbs = 3780 kg
Max Loading 58863 lbs = 26700 kg
Cargo capacity (volume):
2383.74 cu. ft. = 67.5 cub. m
External dimensions (l/w/h):
40' 2" = 12245 mm / 7' 9.25" = 2370 mm / 8'6" = 2591 mm
Internal dimensions: (l/w/h):
39' 6.21" = 12045 mm / 7' 8.51" = 2350 mm / 7' 9.74" = 2381 mm
Doors (w/h):
7' 8" = 2336 mm / 7' 6.25" = 2291 mm

20 'refrigerator

Max. Gross 52910 lbs = 24000 kg
Container 4916 lbs = 2230 kg
Max Loading 47994 lbs = 21770 kg
Cargo capacity (volume):
1172,44 cu. ft. = 33.2 cub. m
External dimensions (l/w/h):
20' = 6096 mm / 7' 9.25" = 2370 mm / 8'6" = 2591 mm
Internal dimensions: (l/w/h):
19' 4.48" = 5905 mm / 7' 8.51" = 2350 mm / 7' 9.74" = 2381 mm
Doors (w/h):
7' 8" = 2336 mm / 7' 6.25" = 2291 mm

Basic terms

Declarant – a person moving goods across the customs border, or a customs broker declaring (declaring), presenting and presenting goods and vehicles for customs clearance on their own behalf.

Booking – booking by the agent of all or part of the cargo capacity of the vessel (in the latter case, the owner of the vessel allocates to the agent a quota of the cargo capacity, the so-called allotment).

Bill of lading (Bill of lading, В/L, Bs/L, B/Lading) – a document issued by the carrier to the owner of the cargo shipped on a sea, river or aircraft as evidence of its acceptance for carriage and the obligation to transfer it to the consignor at the port of destination. In addition to the function of a receipt for accepting the goods for transportation, the bill of lading serves as a document of title, and is also evidence of the existence and content of the contract of carriage. The bill of lading is usually drawn up in several copies, the number of which is marked on each of them. When the goods are issued one of the copies, the rest become invalid. The bill of lading is one of the main documents required for customs control over goods transported by sea.

Customs clearance – fulfillment of a set of necessary formalities arising in connection with the movement of goods and vehicles across the customs border of a given country and provided for by customs rules in relation to the import and export of goods; includes customs clearance, payment of customs duties and is a prerequisite for "release".

customs warehouse – a warehouse that provides services for the storage under customs control of imported or exported goods without customs duties and taxes (value added tax and excise taxes) and without quotas and licensing of exports and imports during the storage period.

Demurrage – the fee charged by the owner of transport equipment (for example, a container), rolling stock, loading and unloading mechanisms and equipment, for the excess time of its use by the client (carrier, cargo owner, etc.)

Detention – the penalty imposed by the line for the excessive use of the container by the cargo owner from the moment of its issuance in the port until the return to the ship owner's warehouse (stock).

Storage – storage of cargo in the port.